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[[Tips] How much do you know about the origin of non-woven fabrics? Its "past life and present life" are not simple!]
Release date:[2021/11/15] Read a total of[34]time

The history of non-woven fabrics

Non-woven materials are commonly known as non-woven fabrics. We know that non-woven fabrics are a kind of material that is not woven, but it has some advantages that textile materials do not have. It is the main raw material for making masks and protective clothing, and the main medical and epidemic prevention materials. The source of raw materials has played a vital role in the ongoing global epidemic. Let's take a look at its origin, development and current situation.

The origin of non-woven fabrics

The origin of non-woven fabrics can be traced back to ancient China. In ancient times, nomads made felt by adding water, urine or milk essence to animal hair through mechanical actions such as pedaling and sticking. This is the prototype of the earlier non-woven material in history. According to the "Chen Tong Kao" records, in the Song Dynasty of China, there was a practice of "sending silkworms and cocoons to form a quilt". A flat cocoon with a length of 8m and a width of 1.3m was made by using "the same knot of ten thousand silkworms".

The development history of non-woven fabrics

Infancy

It was the early 1940s to the mid-1950s. Most textile companies used ready-made prevention equipment to make appropriate modifications and use natural fibers to make non-woven materials.

Commercial production period

It was the end of the 1950s and the end of the 1960s. At this time, dry technology and wet technology were mainly used, and a large number of chemical fibers were used to make nonwoven materials.

Important development period

From the beginning of the 1970s to the end of the 1980s, a complete set of production lines for polymerization and extrusion were born at this time. The rapid development of various special non-woven special fiber chemical fibers, such as low-melting fiber, thermal bonding fiber, bi-component fiber, ultra-fine fiber, etc., is a fast driving force for the progress of the non-woven material industry.

Global development period

From the early 1990s to the present, non-woven enterprises have made considerable progress. Through technological innovation of equipment, product structure optimization, equipment intelligence, market branding, etc., non-woven technology has become more advanced, more mature, and more sophisticated. The performance of non-woven materials and products has been significantly improved, production capacity and product series have been continuously expanded, and new products, new technologies, and new applications have emerged one after another.

Development status of non-woven fabrics

The three-layer structure of masks is composed of non-woven materials. The current status of non-woven materials. In recent years, due to the benefits and continuous growth of demand, the non-woven industry has become one of the rapidly growing, concerned, and innovative fields in the global weaving industry. , And the impact of the surge in the demand for medical and anti-epidemic materials during the outbreak. Non-woven fabrics once became a hot material, and prices have also risen. In particular, the market price of meltblown fabrics has risen dozens of times and is still in short supply. Non-woven materials have become important new materials that are indispensable for modern society and economic development, and they have also become key materials for preventing the epidemic in the global fight against the epidemic.

Factors affecting growth rate

All the factors that affect the growth of man-made fibers can more or less have a certain impact on textiles using man-made fibers as raw materials, among which non-woven textiles have a greater impact. The population growth factor has a smaller impact on non-woven fabrics than other textiles used in apparel. But if considering the important application of non-woven fabrics in baby diapers, population growth is also an important factor. The partial replacement of natural fibers has a greater impact on textiles, but has little effect on non-woven fabrics, because the production of non-woven fabrics basically depends on man-made fibers.

The commercial development of man-made fibers and the professional application of non-woven fabrics: Due to the establishment of international economic treaties, the trade of microfibers, composite fibers, biodegradable fibers and new polyester fibers has increased. This has a great impact on non-woven fabrics, but has little impact on apparel and knitted textiles. Replacement of textiles and other supplies: This includes the replacement of non-woven textiles, knitted textiles, plastic films, polyurea foam, wood pulp, leather, etc. This is determined by the cost and performance requirements of the product. Introduce new, more economical and more effective production processes: that is, the application of new types of competitive non-woven fabrics made of polymers, the introduction of special fibers and non-woven textile additives.

There are many large-scale projects in various constructions in China, such as the Three Gorges Project, Xiaolangdi Project, environmental protection projects, western development, infrastructure construction, etc., which will greatly promote the development of geotextiles, filter materials, waterproof materials, and packaging materials. Consumption. In addition, the increase in domestic consumer income will also force the consumption of various hygienic absorbent products and air filtration materials, medical and sanitary products, and labor insurance, sports and sports products. Therefore, China's non-woven fabric industry still has great growth potential in the future.

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